Boundary surveys delineate property lines, easements, and various other important details about a particular property as mandated by state and government standards. When ordering an ALTA/ACSM land title survey, it is essential that the surveyors adhere to the set of national and governmental standards put forth by ACSM (American Congress on Surveying and Mapping), later on adopted by ALTA (American Land Title Association). These standards seek to establish uniform guidelines for different types of commercial real estate transactions.
More detailed than your typical land border survey, an ALTA/ACSM survey includes details like easements encumbering or benefitting a property, access or lack thereof to a public road, possible encroachments across the easement or boundary, zoning setbacks, evidence of use by other parties, evidence of cemeteries, flood zones, water boundaries, and names of adjoining property owners. In addition to this long list of survey details, ALTA/ACSM guidelines also require surveyors to perform in-depth research on the property before even beginning any actual measurements. This means a thorough examination of the current title commitment and looking into municipal and country records for possible encumbrances. This due diligence itself provides foreknowledge of possible conflicts concerning the land before direct survey even begins.
ALTA/ASCM land title survey may be costlier than a typical boundary survey, but it does cover a world of other property details that general boundary surveys miss. In fact, these surveys even cover more than minimum state standards, although this depends on the type of survey you order to be performed by your land surveyor. When searching for a surveyor to do your due diligence, see to it that they use up to date standards from ALTA/ACSM. This nationwide guideline has strict standards of accuracy and the availability of advanced technology like satellites and laser equipment these days makes this possible.