Land surveys deal with the mapping and measurement of the land using specialized equipment and technology, and mathematics. The results of a land survey do not merely show the calculation of the size and boundaries of a land. They can reveal other important qualities of the land that can have an impact on the development or the project in the long run. To make it easier for land surveyors, they follow certain guidelines when conducting surveys for different purposes. Here is an overview of some of the types of land surveys:
Residential surveys – When you need to identify the boundaries of a parcel of land, you order a residential property survey (also known as the ‘boundary survey’). It includes the research and analysis of any previous surveys conducted on the property. You may need to call a residential property land surveyor before buying or selling a home, and before you build any additional structure on your property, such as a fence or a new shed. That way, you can be sure that you can build within your property lines.
ALTA/ACSM land title surveys – ALTA and ACSM surveys are accredited land title surveys for commercial purposes. They follow a set of uniform standard code, especially when being conducted for construction purposes. These surveys are also known as ‘due diligence surveys’ because they are commissioned to gain information on country zoning laws, height requirements, and setback requirements.
Topographic surveys – The geographical condition of the land can be determined with a topographic survey, which is typically conducted during the planning stage of construction and developmental projects. The survey is conducted above and below ground level, covering all object and features the land like wells, utility poles, walkways, trees, and manholes. The data from the survey will be used for contouring the land and identifying the map.
Geodetic surveys – The geodetic survey is a method that supports boundary determination, mapping, infrastructure development, property delineation, scientific applications, and resource evaluation surveys. It establishes the vertical and horizontal positions of points for control of the installation site, project, study area, GIS, or map.